Video, Egypt Geography History Mythology, and Lecture Slides

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1) Ancient Egypt was inhabited by mummies and they all wrote in hydraulics. They lived in the Sarah Dessert. The climate of the Sarah is such that all the inhabitants have to live elsewhere.
Anonymous 6th grader's answer to a history test.
Egypt 1350-1069 BCE Main Periods
3000 BCE to as late as 30 BCE. This is much longer than Jericho, Ur, and Uruk.

Lower Egypt :Giza
Middle Egypt: Memphis
Upper Egypt: Thebes and Karnak
Why is the Nile an important river?

Regional Gods

Re - Heliopolis
Ptah - Memphis
Amon - Thebes
E.g. Athena - Athens

  • Trickster god disordered the world.
  • Seth is similar to the Norse god Loki.
  • Mix between dog and camel or jackal or pig’s head.
  • Seth was not always seen as evil: he was just the opposite half.
  • Represented as enemy who has to be eliminated.
  • Goddess
  • Archetype mother
  • Sister and wife of Osiris
  • Isis was used as a symbol to express the duties and roles of a "good" woman.

  • Founder of Egypt and its civilization.
  • Established civilization
  • God of the underworld, death, and resurrection


  • Son of Osiris and Isis
  • Falcon headed
  • Left eye damaged in a fight with Seth and replaced with the moon
  • Similar to ‘Raven’ story
  • Horus was the archetype or role model of the "good" son.

Victory Palette of Narmer - 3100 BCE
King Narmer rose to power and conquered Lower Egypt: ca. 3100 BC. He had been minor official in Upper Egypt. He and his successors: established a theocratic political system over entire navigable length of the Nile.

St. Peter’s Basilica & Washington Monument

Cartoon from New Yorker magazine

Fowling Scene Tomb of Nebamun -
1400 - 1350 BCE

Last Judgement of Hu Nefer - 1290 to 1280 BCE,  Thebes
Left to right
Anubis (Seth), Ammit, feather of Maat, and Thoth, Horus and Osiris


Last Judgement of Hu Nefer - 1290 to 1280 BCE,  Thebes

Funeral Banner
From the Tomb of Lady Dai 168 BCE
Mawangdui, China
Han Dynasty

Papyrus of Ani c1280BCE

Ptolemaic Period, ca. 332-30 B.C.
Papyrus and ink
30.0 cm H, 72.0 cm W (scene pictured)

Step Pyramid of King Zoser - 2675-2625 BCE
Saqqara (Lower Egypt)
Necropolis - city of the dead at Memphis
Made of hard clay, brick, cut stone, limestone


Menkure (Mycerinus) c2460
Khafre (Chephren) c2500, 
Khufu (Cheops) c2350, 

Greek equivalents are in brackets

4,000 people using his technique instead of 100,000, 
as postulated by other theorists.


Scenes from the Tomb of Nebamun c1350

Seated Scribe from Saqqara c2525
Mycerenus and Kha Merer Nebty circa 2500 BCE

Seated Scribe from Saqqara c2525
Mycerenus and Kha Merer Nebty circa 2500 BCE

Qin, Soldiers 221-207BCE 
from the tomb of Qin Shihuangdi 
(The First Emperor of Qin)

Prince Rahotep and his wife Nofret
c2580 painted limestone

Khafre from Gizeh c2575

Kouros Figures: 7th c BCE

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